Sanding & Polishing

Sanding and Coating a Timber Floor

Whether you’ve recently pulled up your carpet to the find the original timber floors underneath, or if the years have not been good to your current timber floors, LKV Timber Flooring can work their magic to rejuvenate your worn flooring. After a proper sanding, buffing and coating, we can revive the lustre of your original timber flooring.

A timber floor looks stunning, lasts years and adds value to your home. Sanding and coating a beautiful timber floor is a skill acquired over many years. You need to be aware that all the work is done by hand controlled machines and applicators so there will be evidence of this on your floor. Furthermore, as you live on the floor, it will gain character and feel that is unique to your home. This is all part of the beauty of having a timber floor.

Of course newly installed timber floors will need to be coated, and LKV also recommends sanding and coating an older timber floor when it looks dull or the previous coating has started to wear off to bare wood in high traffic areas. Sanding and coating your floor will restore it to a new condition.

The first step will be to sand the entire floors surface. Sanding the floor removes most stains, scratches and old surface layers and also levels the surface. Vacuuming up all the dust so it won’t spread to the rest of your house follows this up.

We also undertake maintenance coats, every few years, well before the protective coat on your floor has grown too thin, you can get it “refreshed” with another coat. The crucial word is “before” you see any damage to the existing coating. The process involves screening the floor with a specialised sander in order to get a new coat to adhere to the old one. Protection is always less costly than the damage that results from not having it.

The Sanding Process

Prior to sanding, an assessment will be taken of your floor to ensure that it is suitable for sanding and coating. Any protruding nails will be punched below the surface. The reason for this is that any nails that are not punched can both damage the sanding equipment and the floor.

Basic Sanding

The sanding operation will vary based on the condition of the floor and the hardness of the flooring species. Where the floor is being sanded for the first time, the sanding process is made up of a number of separate sanding stages, which generally start with a coarse paper and progress to a relatively find grade of paper. The sanding process is effectively scratching off the surface of the boards, and the reduction in grades of paper means that you start with a severe scratching action and finish with a more subtle scratching action.


The sanding machine will not be able to sand the boards along the edges of the room, in corners, or areas of reduced access such as wardrobes etc. For these areas an edge sander is used. It also may be necessary in areas of very limited access or at the corners of the room, to hand scrape the floor.

Finish Sanding

Typically, the final sand is carried out using a rotary type sander with a 100-150 sandpaper or screen back. Following on from this stage, the floor will again be vacuumed and then a sealer coat will be applied.

Coating the Floor

The floor will be cleaned of all sanding debris by vacuuming or tacking. The perimeter of the room will be cut in using a brush and the main body of the room will be coated with an applicator. The floor will then typically have a light sand in-between coats, where a three-coat system is used, however that will depend of manufacturers’ recommendations, which we follow in regards to numbers of coats and sand paper grades. Various water and oil based coating systems require finer grit of paper between coats as compared to the solvent based products.

Sheen Level of Coating

The sheen measures how shiny or glossy your floor’s finish is.  Different people have different preferences.  The lustre level is determined by how much light is reflected off the floor from a 60-degree angle. The glossier you go, the more light reflects off the floors.  This in turn, shows more dirt/dust as well as imperfections in the floor.

Matt Finish

Matt Finish gives the impression that the floor is completely untreated bear wood, just sanded or treated with natural oil. The floor treated with a Matt Finish does not shine and looks quite natural, but needs less care.

Satin Finish

Satin Finish is the in between of Matt and Gloss. It has a bit of “shine”, allowing the wood floor to look natural.

Semi Gloss

Semi Gloss will reflect more light, accentuating imperfections and dust.


Gloss makes your wood floor lustrous and impressive. Its smooth surface reflects other elements of your interior and can make your room look larger. Scratches are more apparent on the floor and more care is needed to maintain the floor.

High Gloss

High Gloss is most common in commercial settings such as basketball floors and gymnasiums. High Gloss tends to highlight imperfections including dust build-up, facilitating more frequent cleanings.

Our Coatings

We use a number of different products to coat the floor. These include:

Polycure - Polycure’s product range includes water-based floor coatings, moisture cures, polyurethanes and oil based floor coatings. Available in Matt, Satin, Semi Gloss, Gloss and High Gloss

Synteco Classic (2 pack) – Synteko’s Classic system provides a unique combination of durability, scratch and scuff resistance, clarity and grain definition. This product is available in Matt, Satin and Semi Gloss

Bona Waterbased – No harmful fumes means you don’t have to put your health at risk finishing floors, and your customers don’t have to move out of their home or vacate their business. VOC compliant and GREENGUARD Indoor Air Quality Certified®. This product is available in Matt, Satin and Semi Gloss